In 2010, Egypt decided to seek the opinion of James Crawford, an expert in international legal disputes. The expert made specific recommendations to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, which ruled the country after Mubarak’s ouster in 2011. But these recommendations were not implemented until Morse took office as the first president elected following the revolution in June 2012.
All three Nile Basin countries eagerly await the next round of negotiations next week. Another failed attempt could push Egypt to take sterner diplomatic measures, such as recalling its ambassador in Addis Ababa, reducing its diplomatic delegation there, or requesting international intervention, either by bringing a complaint to the UN Security Council or calling on specific countries to interfere. Even in the face of these possible measures, it is still unclear if, or to what extent, Ethiopia is willing to amend its position